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Electronic Literature
ENGL 146EL - Spring 2008,  Rita Raley

Tue, 4/1
Introduction: Electronic Literature

- Peter Howard, "A Poppy" [plain text] [animated version]
- Peter Howard, Xylo
- Stephanie Strickland, The Ballad of Sand and Harry Soot
- Robert Kendall, Faith (CD)
- Chris Green, Walking Together What Remains
- Tal Halpern, Le Nouveau Western
- Donna Leishman, RedRidinghood (CD)
- Dan Waber, Strings (CD)
- Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries

Thu, 4/3
No class: instructor conference

Tue, 4/8
Early computer-mediated fiction

Readings Due: Judy Malloy, l0ve 0ne

Recommended Readings: Judy Malloy, Works | Chronological Timeline of Creative Work in “Cyberpoetry”

Thu, 4/10
Storyspace and Eastgate

Readings Due:
- J. Yellowlees Douglas, I Have Said Nothing (Eastgate) and "Nota Bene" on navigation
- Katherine Hayles, Electronic Literature (pp. 5-7)
- Espen Aarseth, Cybertext (pp. 90-92)

CDs are not always available, so if you do not have a floppy drive, then you will want to read I Have Said Nothing in the Transcriptions studio during TA office hours. Floppy disks are also on reserve in Davidson Library.

Recommended Readings: Background on Storyspace | Commentary on Douglas in the Transcriptions "Guide to Readings" Archive

Tue, 4/15

Readings Due:
- Jorge Luis Borges, "The Garden of Forking Paths," Ficciones
- Borges, "An Examination of the Work of Herbert Quain," Ficciones
- Ted Nelson, excerpts from Computer Lib/Dream Machines (open pdf and read pp. 314-5)
- Espen Aarseth, Cybertext: Perspectives on Ergodic Literature (pp. 76-79)

Recommended Readings: Wikipedia entry on Nelson | Internetaleph (Martin Hadis) | Ted Nelson, "Back to the Future: Hypertext the Way It Used To Be" (2007) | Xanadu

Thu, 4/17

Readings Due:
- Espen Aarseth, "Introduction: Ergodic Literature” and "The Cyborg Author," in Cybertext: Perspectives on Ergodic Literature
- Raymond Queneau, "A Fairytale As You Like It" and "100,000,000,000,000 Poems"
- Tristan Tzara, “Dadaist Poem” (1920)
- Jim Andrews, "Seattle Drift" and Stir Fry Texts (CD)
- Noah Wardrip-Fruin et al, Regime Change
- Millie Niss, Oulipoems (CD)

Recommended Readings: Stéphane Susana, "A Roundup of Constrained Writing on the Web" | Permutations
- Further examples from Aarseth: Apollinaire, Calligrammes; Eliza; Adventure; I Ching | IC (for DOS) | Cent milles milliards de poèmes (comparison between print and electronic forms)

Tue, 4/22
Interactive fiction & text adventure games

Readings Due:
- Andrew Plotkin, Shade (download free or play Java version online)
- Espen Aarseth, "Intrigue and Discourse in the Adventure Game," Cybertext

Recommended Readings: Adventure game (wikipedia) | Brass Lantern | Natalie Bookchin, The Intruder | Being Andrew Plotkin | Index of IF by Andrew Plotkin | Zork I: The Great Underground Empire | Baf's Guide to IF | Gaming Links: Game Studies; Open Directory: InteractiveFiction | Nick Montfot, “Interactive Fiction” and "Literary Games" (Poems That Go) | Mike Tolar, Clink (description) | Jeremy Douglass (UCSB), "Lecture: Interactive Fiction | Infocom teenage zombie ad

Thu, 4/24

Readings Due:
- Olia Lialina, "My Boyfriend Came Back From the War"
- Caitlin Fisher, "These Waves of Girls"

Recommended Readings: Remediations of "Boyfriend" (multiple artists) | Raine Koskimaa, “Visual Structuring of Hypertext Narratives” | Henry Jenkins, "Game Design as Narrative Architecture"

Tue, 4/29
No class: instructor conference

Thu, 5/1
Close reading

Readings Due:
- Judd Morrissey, with Lori Talley, The Jew's Daughter (CD)

Recommended Readings: N. Katherine Hayles, Electronic Literature (pp. 74-85)

Tue, 5/6
Visual Poetry (vispo)

Readings Due:
- Aram Saroyan poems, especially 15-30
- Emmett Williams, "Like Attracts Like"; "meditation no.1"; "typewriter"
- e.e. cummings, "r-p-o-p-h-e-s-s-a-g-r" [and page proof]
- bp Nichol, "Attempted Diagnoses" and "untitled"
- Ana Maria Uribe, Anipoema / Anipoem
- Brian Kim Stephans, “The Dreamlife of Letters” (CD)
- Komninos Zervos, Invention (CyberPoetry)

Recommended Readings: Aram Saroyan, "Flower Power" | UbuWeb, especially Guillaume Apollinaire | Bob Grumman, "MNMLST POETRY: Unacclaimed but Flourishing" | Brazilian Digital Poetry | Vispo ~ Langu(im)age: experimental visual poetry (Jim Andrews) | Neil Hennessey, "Puddle" | Eugen Gomringer, "Silencio" | links for class discussion

Thu, 5/8
Listening at the screen

Readings Due:
- Sound poetry at UbuWeb, especially Hugo Ball, "Karawane"; Tristan Tzara, “L'amiral Cherche”; Kurt Schwitters (Ursonate score); Jaap Blonk, "der minister" and "galsslass"
- Komninos Zervos, "Sound Poem"
- Thom Swiss and Skye Giordano, Genius
- Young Hae-Chang Heavy Industries, "Dakota," "Beckett's Bounce," "Lotus Blossom"

Recommended Readings: Intercultural medium literature digital: Interview with YHC HI (Hyun-Joo Yoo) | Steven Poole on sound art (Guardian)

Critical Essays on sound poetry: Dick Higgins, "A Taxonomy of Sound Poetry"; Kevin Concannon, "Cut and Paste: Collage and the Art of Sound"; Steve McCaffery, "Sound Poetry - A Survey"

Tue, 5/13
Flash, Shockwave, and Java poetics: loops, kineticism, durational structures

Readings Due:
- Dan Waber, Strings (CD)
- Reiner Strasser and Alan Sondheim, Tao (CD)
- Ingrid Ankerson and Megan Sapnar, Cruising (CD)
- babel vs. escha, Urbanalities (CD)
- geniwate, Generative Poetry (CD)

Recommended Readings: Peter Howard, "Flash Poetry" | Poems That Go

Thu, 5/15
Speed reading

Readings Due:
- William Poundstone, Project for Tachistoscope (CD)
- Young-Hae Chang, "Rain on the Sea"
- N. Katherine Hayles, Electronic Literature (pp. 114-119; 139-143)

Recommended Readings: Sue Currell, "Streamlining the Eye: Speed Reading and the Revolution of Words, 1870-1940" (pdf) | The Parallax View (testing sequence)

Tue, 5/20
Code, Code Poetry, and Net.wurked Language

Readings Due:
- Mez, _the data][h!][bleeding texts_ and _The Art of M[ez]
- Florian Cramer, "Program Code Poetry" and "and" (Perl poem)
- Talan Memmott, Lexia to Perplexia (CD)

Recommended Readings: Ted Warnell interview on the poetics of programming (trAce) | "" (transcribes Blake's "London" into Perl) | Code aesthetics: experimental poetry ( | Leet (wikipedia) | _[net]blog to log][ah!rhythm][_ (Mez blog) | Mapping the Acephale | active/onBlur: an interview with Talan Memmott (Mark Amerika) | N. Katherine Hayles, Electronic Literature (pp. 120-125)

Thu, 5/22
The poetics of computational text

Readings Due:
- John Cayley, with Giles Perring, Overboard (follow instructions to install sound fonts)
- John Cayley, Translation (CD)
- Ted Warnell, "Lascaux.Symbol.ic" and "VIRU2"

Recommended Readings: Visual explanation of programming languages (Webopedia) | YHCHI, "Nippon" | Harold Cohen, "The Further Exploits of Aaron, Painter" | Virtual Lascaux (c. 15,000 bce) | Preserving Lascaux (Washington Post; June 2008) | Cayley, “Overboard: An Example of Ambient Time-Based Poetics in digital art” | N. Katherine Hayles, Electronic Literature (pp. 145-155)

Tue, 5/27
3D texts

Readings Due:
- Noah Wardrip-Fruin et al, Screen (watch Quicktime videos)
- John Cayley, Lens
- David Knoebel, Click Poetry: Words in Space
- Jason Nelson, "cube"
- Aya Karpinska and Daniel C. Howe, open.ended (CD)
- Dan Waber and Jason Pimble, I, You, We (CD)

Recommended Readings: Jeffrey Shaw, The Legible City (with QT video) | Camille Utterback & Romy Achituv, Text Rain | Text Rain video | Eduardo Kac, Holopoetry | Ben Fry, valence | Magic Book | Ted Warnell, “Code Poetry” | Jason Nelson, The Poetry Cube | Gothamberg | Writing.3D (special issue of The Iowa Review Web)

Thu, 5/29

Readings Due:
- Mark Hansen and Ben Rubin, Listening Post

Tue, 6/3
Literature & social computing

Readings Due:
- Why Some Dolls Are Bad (Facebook application)

Recommended Readings: LiveBook

Thu, 6/5
Electronic literature beyond the screen

Readings Due:
- GPS Drawing
- SMS novels: "The Next Chapter in Reading" (Guardian; September 2007) | "Japan's mobile phone literature" (Times; December 2007) | "Thumbs Race as Japan’s Best Sellers Go Cellular" (New York Times; January 2008)
- Knifeandfork, "Hundekopf" (watch short video on site)
- Aya Karpinska, Shadows Never Sleep (iPhone app)

Recommended Readings: "Drawing (and Doodling) With Countryside as Canvas" (NY Times; April 2002) | The World is My Canvas | plan b, fortysomething| "The Pleasures of the Text" (NY Times Book Review; January 2006) | Bo Kampmann Walther, Pervasive Gaming: Formats, Rules and Space

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